Welcome to the OCEAN: Personality Explained in 5 Factors
Psychometrics | 13 Dec 2019 | By Guest Author
Welcome to the OCEAN: Personality Explained in 5 Factors

Have you ever looked in the mirror and asked yourself, “who am I?” Maybe a student, a teacher, or an accountant. No no, deeper than that. Who are you? Are you a feelings kinda guy, or are you tough as nails? Do you like being around people, or would you rather curl up under the sheets? Are you aesthetic or simply realistic?

Who am I?

That’s the big question. Personality was always a tough subject to understand. From Ancient Greek philosophies to today’s hot topics of identity, we’ve always been struggling to make sense of ourselves.

Really makes you think: the thinker statue with the thinking emoji

Really makes you think

Big questions call for big answers, and boy, do we have the answer for you - five big ones, in fact.

The Big Five

Science finally has the answer to personality, and it’s called the Big Five personality model, a.k.a. the OCEAN model. This is the science juice behind Dreamtalent’s psychometric quiz and games, only we made it bigger, badder, and better (and more fun).

We can explain what makes you you by analyzing your psychology from - you guessed it - five factors of personality.


Do you like trying out new foods, activities, and new weird things? Or do you take comfort in the familiarity of routines? Your answer depends on the exposure trait.

This trait is responsible for your level of curiosity both intellectual - learning new concepts and accepting differing principles - and experiential - imagination and appreciating beauty and emotions.

This dual nature got scientists so indecisive that it was sometimes called openness/intellect. Maybe you can see why after looking at the 6 facets under this trait:

  1. Fantasy
  2. Aesthetics
  3. Feelings
  4. Ideas
  5. Adventure
  6. Values


This is the trait that makes you think before you act, answer to your responsibilities, and keep your room clean. It’s also the reason why some people would just sweep dirt under the rug, literally and figuratively.

From its original name, we chose to call this trait diligence to better reflect the qualities of being mindful, responsible, vigilant, and overall productive. Also, it’s easier to spell.

  1. Discipline
  2. Dutifulness
  3. Competence
  4. Order
  5. Cautiousness
  6. Ambition


The great debate! Does “introvert” mean shy? Does “extrovert” mean nonstop social machine? Not necessarily! Extraversion is all about how social interactions affect your energy. It gives energy to extroverted people, but it drains energy from introverted people.

Extraversion is also a spectrum, and we all lie somewhere in the middle. That means we all have both introverted and extroverted traits, and it’s just which side of the spectrum you’re closer to. There are no pure extroverts or introverts, at least for normal folks like you and me.

And yes, introverted people can be talkative and extroverted people can be reserved.

  1. Togetherness
  2. Activity
  3. Assertiveness
  4. Sensation
  5. Cheerfulness
  6. Friendliness


Help yourself or help others? Save or share? Competition or cooperation? This trait explains how you perceive working with others: trusting and helping each other, or competing against each other to win.

From its 6 facets, cooperation may seem like the “good guy” trait. While that may be true, it doesn’t mean that the other end of the spectrum is pure evil! Scoring low here just means being more assertive and objective, all good qualities that are necessary from time to time.

Unless, if cooperation gets extremely low, then maybe there’s something to worry about. But surely none of us are psychopaths here!

  1. Sincerity
  2. Trust
  3. Altruism
  4. Modesty
  5. Empathy
  6. Compliance


We all get sad, worried, or afraid from time to time. Life is hard as a rock, but it’s about how hard you can get hit and keep moving forward. Mood is the trait that defines your mental strength and emotional tolerance against stress, anxiety, and the usual doom and gloom.

Rocky Balboa speaking to his son when he doubted that his father would lose to Mason Dixon

From its original name, we chose to call this trait mood because it isn’t a sickness, it’s just a need for extra love and care. Everybody feels down sometimes, so getting back up is all about setting a positive mindset and getting them good vibes going. That’s how winning is done!

  1. Peace of Mind
  2. Self-Perception
  3. Vigor
  4. Fortitude
  5. Moderation
  6. Temper

What’s so special about OCEAN?

Other than it being the most advanced, valid, reliable, predictive, universally accepted and applied psychometric framework by the scientific and professional worlds? And that Dreamtalent improved it further so it’s deeper, more personalized, and less boring?

The numbers.

If you’re keeping count, there are 6 facets under each 5 traits, totalling to 30 measurable psychometric spectra. Let’s imagine if each spectrum has only 2 parts: high and low. That’s 900 types of personality.

Now, imagine if each spectrum has 4 parts: very high, high, low, very low. That’s 810,000 personalities. With 10 parts, that’s 590 trillion something. Fourteen zeros. Big numbers.

In reality, there are way way more measurements in a spectrum. My calculator just crashed trying to count just even 100 parts. That’s a virtually infinite number of personalities that our psychometric framework can analyze.

There are infinitely unique personalities in the world, and OCEAN is designed to acknowledge this very uniqueness in you.

We’re all unique because our personalities are unique. With over 7.5 billion people on this planet, sometimes labeling people into a dozen archetypes aren’t enough. You’re special, and we know it! That’s why Dreamtalent only uses science that can deal with your specialness.

But enough about science. Let’s talk about you. Who are you?